Surrounded by olive groves and the vineyards of Chianti, Siena is one of the most prettiest cities of Tuscany famous for its large fan-shaped piazza. Piazza del Campo is the heart of the town and is the home to the famous summer horse-race, known as Il Palio.
Siena is about 60 km south of Florence near the center of Tuscany in the Chianti Wine Region and about 3 and half hours by train from the Cinque Terre. Siena’s peak was about 1260-1348 when it was one of Europe's wealthiest cities and many of its buildings and art works originate from that time.
Things to see:
- Piazza del Campo is the heart of Siena. Il Campo is paved with brick and ringed by cafes, restaurants, and historic buildings. Narrow medieval streets lead to the piazza, which has an unusual fan shape. Piazza del Campo was originally the Roman forum and later was Siena's main marketplace.
- The Gaia Fountain of Jacopo della Quercia is one of the most important works of the Italian 1400s and is both Gothic and Renaissance in style.
- The Palazzo Pubblico, Siena's Gothic town hall building, and the Torre del Mangia (bell tower) dominate Piazza del Campo. Great view from the top of the tower.
- Piazza del Duomo is another beautiful square and home to Siena's Duomo. The impressive Duomo has a black and white facade with intricate carvings and statues.
- Siena's art museum, Pinacoteca Nazionale, houses some of Italy's greatest paintings from the 13th and 14th centuries.